I’ll outline here the most common and best-known animal species, but I want to emphasize that the fauna of the Dolomites is extremely rich, and many other less-known but scientifically interesting animals inhabit the vast Dolomite territory.

Together with the flora and vegetation, the animals of the Dolomites constitute the great richness of this wonderful mountain environment.

Thanks to the extensive variety of habitats within the Dolomite territory, numerous animal species have found an excellent place to settle and thrive among these mountains. Today, the nine UNESCO Dolomite mountain systems can boast the presence of almost all typically alpine species.

Fauna: Animals of the Dolomites

The Dolomites are renowned not only for their scenic beauty but also for their geological and biological diversity. This marvelous mountain environment is home to a diverse fauna, including numerous easily recognizable animals such as deer and chamois. However, there are also many species, especially invertebrates, of which we still know very little.

Among mammals, prominent species include chamois, deer, ibex, marmot, fox, badger, marten, and ermine. The mouflon, introduced since 1974 in some areas of the Belluno region, can also be found.

In humid environments, it is quite common to encounter amphibians such as the fire salamander, with its typical black-yellow coloring, and the alpine newt. In sunnier basins, on the other hand, encounters with reptiles like vipers and grass snakes become more frequent.

The fauna of the woods is highly diverse: in the forests, the lively squirrel is widespread, while the most typical birds of the woods are woodpeckers and owls, sharing the habitat of tree cavities (black woodpecker and tawny owl, red woodpecker and little owl).

The avifauna is well represented by many species such as the golden eagle, capercaillie, black grouse, royal owl, goshawk, marten and rock ptarmigan.

A special mention goes to the bearded vulture, or lamb vulture, which has been repeatedly seen circling and perching on the rocks of Tofana, and it is hoped that it may one day nest there.

On the high-altitude meadows, we find the charming marmot, which forms thriving colonies, and the rock ptarmigan, characterized by the seasonal molt of its plumage, similar to the mountain hare and ermine for their coat changes.

Fauna and animals in the Dolomites.

Recently, the bear, lynx, and golden jackal have made a comeback in the Dolomites of Ampezzo. Eyewitnesses have repeatedly spotted them in various areas, but at the moment, their presence cannot be considered stable.

Only the wolf appears to have found a habitat where it can establish a more permanent presence. Further information on this topic can be found on the website of the Natural Park of the Dolomites of Ampezzo.