The Dolomites (or Dolomiti) are in the north-
How to get there
For foreign visitors coming from outside Europe, the main international airports are Milan and Munich (Germany). Venice airport is also convenient. There are also two smaller regional airports at Innsbruck (Austria) and Verona.
Transfers from the airports to the Dolomites require 4 hours from Milan, 3 from Monaco, and 2 from Innsbruck, Verona and Venice. Train and bus services are good, especially in high season.
The fantastic scenery of the Dolomites is due to their geology. These shapes are quite strange and unusual compared to the rest of the Alps and to the other mountains on our planet. The main geological difference is the combination of two different kinds of rocks, volcanic and dolomitic.
The name Dolomite derives from their discoverer: Deodat de Gratet de Dolomieu (1750-
The processes that formed the Dolomites were in the Permian-
A lot of fossils was find in the area, and you can find others when you are hiking close to these amazing mountains.
These mountains cover an area of more than 90 km north to south and 100 km east to west. The Dolomites are made up of 15 different massifs, each of which reaches around 3000 meters in altitude. These massifs are divided by rivers, valleys and passes. The most important rivers are Isarco and Adige in the west; Rienza in the north; Piave in the east; and Avisio and Cordevole which run from north to south through the Dolomiti. The only massif west of the Adige River is the Brenta Group, a big oval shaped group that is a little separated from the rest of the Dolomites.
The Dolomiti are generally warm and they get less precipitation than the alpine regions of Austria, Switzerland and France. The bad weather generally comes from south south-
From September to October (and sometimes also in November) the weather is stable and clear with chill nights and possibility of snowfall on the highest peaks when the weather is bad. During these months there are fantastic autumn colors to be seen in the woods and forests. From December to March it is wintertime and a white blanket of snow covers the Dolomites. Springtime is usually short of good weather, rain is frequent and this is not a good time for outdoor activities.
There is a lot to say about the flora and fauna of the Dolomites, and since there is not space here, I advise the reader to refer to a specialist publication on the subject.
James and Anne Goldsmith : “The Dolomites of Italy” -